Research

Research Areas

On this page, you can find several examples of our work. Do not hesitate to contact us about more information. We looking forward to work with you!

UX & Advanced Visualization

Our ultimate goal is to provide the right information for a qualified decision. Hence we deal will all kind of data visualization and user experience design – from mobile apps to augmented reality solutions.

(Spatial) Datamining & NLP

We can deal with datamining techniques, spatial data analysis (point clouds, statistical data…), as well as the processing of (un)structured texts (e.g. for sentiment analysis). These are inputs for our decision making.

Geospatial Analysis

Our research focuses also on identifying the impacts of climate change, related migration and resilience strategies.

Thinking about a Ph.D. thesis?

Here are some examples of Ph.D. theses that are currently supervised by our researchers.

Contact us
Obtaining information from normative texts through natural language-based interfaces

What if the chatbot can find appropriate information automatically in formal documents like study regulations or insurance policies? Without training for specific questions.

Processing of spatial terms in unstructured text

Asking chatbot for some information regarding Washington and he is constantly returning information about Washington, D.C.? Annoying, isn’t it? What if the chatbot can understand the spatial context of your queries.

Use of natural language analysis for improved communication tools for business intelligence

Business Intelligence apps are the utmost important tools for decision making of any manager. However, they can be quite complex for untrained people. What if you can just ask for data using natural language?

New methods of interaction with digital information in augmented reality

Interaction with digital information in AR can be challenging. Especially with long list, noisy industrial environment etc. How can improve the interaction? Especially using common mobile devices?

Searching in 3D space

Laser scanning technology creates a completely new research area. So far, the researchers were developing algorithms for the identification of the objects in 2D images. Now, we must deal with 3D scans.

Nature, villages, cities – all of them are constantly changing, and we need to monitor these changes efficiently. Cities need to monitor the status of traffic signs, lighting, traffic signs, and so on. Companies need to monitor the state of tangible and intangible assets. It costs considerable time and money. We are therefore looking for ways to effectively monitor and manage the environment and property.

In the field of Remote Sensing, we deal with point cloud processing. We try to process the point clouds and find the objects they contain in an automated manner. So far we have focused on finding road markings and traffic signs. Now we are focusing on the detection of complex objects. This research aims to map out very quickly and precisely large areas and save time and resources.

Sharp Feature Detection as a Useful Tool in Smart Manufacturing

Industry 4.0 comprises a wide spectrum of developmental processes within the management of manufacturing and chain production. Presently, there is a huge effort to automate manufacturing and have automatic control of the production. This intention leads to the increased need for high-quality methods for digitization and object reconstruction, especially in the area of reverse engineering. Commonly used scanning software based on well-known algorithms can correctly process smooth objects. Nevertheless, they are usually not applicable for complex-shaped models with sharp features. The number of the points on the edges is extremely limited due to the principle of laser scanning and sometimes also low scanning resolution. Therefore, a correct edge reconstruction problem occurs. The same problem appears in many other laser scanning applications, i.e., in the representation of the buildings from airborne laser scans for 3D city models. We focus on a method for preservation and reconstruction of sharp features. We provide a detailed description of all three key steps: point cloud segmentation, edge detection, and correct B-spline edge representation. The feature detection algorithm is based on the conventional region-growing method and we derive the optimal input value of curvature threshold using logarithmic least square regression. Subsequent edge representation stands on the iterative algorithm of B-spline approximation where we compute the weighted asymmetric error using the golden ratio. The series of examples indicates that our method gives better or comparable results to other methods.

Procházková, Jana — Procházka, David — Landa, Jaromír
Sharp Feature Detection as a Useful Tool in Smart Manufacturing ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2020. v. 9, no. 7, ISSN 2220-9964.

Automatic lane marking extraction from point cloud into polygon map layer

Optimization of road networks is a common concern worldwide, primarily for safety purposes. Because the extent of these networks is substantial, automation of their inventory is highly desirable. This paper concentrates on the road inventory process that is necessary for regular maintenance. The key part of our road marking detection and reconstruction is based on spanning tree usage. The spanning trees are obtained from alpha shapes of the detected road markings. The spanning trees application enables the reliable identification of the road markings and precise reconstruction of their contours even with noisy data. Our method processes the point cloud data obtained from LiDAR measurements, and provides a common vector layer with road lane polygons. Such a vector layer is stored in a common file format supported by the majority of geographical information systems, thus producing an output that can be conveniently used for decision-making based on the road inventory process.

Procházka, David — Procházková, Jana — Landa, Jaromír
Automatic lane marking extraction from point cloud into polygon map layer. European Journal of Remote Sensing. 2019. v. 52, no. S1, p. 26–39. ISSN 2279-7254.

Development of models for forest variable estimation from airborne laser scanning data using an area-based approach at a plot level

Airborne laser scanning (ALS) is increasingly used in the forestry over time, especially in a forest inventory process. A great potential of ALS lies in providing quick high precision data acquisition for purposes such as measurements of stand attributes over large forested areas. Models were developed using an area-based approach to predict forest variables such as wood volume and basal area. The solution was performed through developing an object-oriented script using Python programming language, Python Data Analysis Library (Pandas), which represents a very flexible and powerful data analysis tool in conjunction with interactive computational environment the IPython Notebook. Several regression models for estimation of forest inventory attributes were developed at a plot level.

Sabol, Jan — Procházka, David — Patočka, Zdeněk
Development of models for forest variable estimation from airborne laser scanning data using an area-based approach at a plot level. Journal of forest science. 2016. v. 62, no. 3, p. 137–142. ISSN 1212-4834.

User Friendly Interaction with Natural Objects in Web Map Applications Based on Object Recognition

The maps become a common tool for many users. We can nd a wide range of solutions from simple search applications to advanced location intelligence tools. In most cases, aerial or satellite images are used as a background. Above this background, other map layers are presented and used for the actual interaction. Our approach is focused on the mentioned background. Aerial and satellite images comprise a huge amount of objects, but it is virtually impossible to interact with them. This paper proposes a new kind of user interface that allows to interact with these natural objects.

Procházka, David — Chodúr, Martin
User friendly interaction with natural objects in web map applications based on object recognition. Acta Universitatis agriculturae et silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis. 2016. v. 64, no. 6, p. 2109–2116. ISSN 1211-8516.

Smart City & Smart University

Improving city or village is not easy. It requires the participation of many people: from citizens to city councilors and mayors. Let’s start with the university.

Each smart city solution usually represents a significant investment, and the evaluation of efficiency often takes years. That is why we focused on smaller goals. To start with, let’s change our universities. Each university is almost a small town with its inhabitants: teachers, researchers and students. Our project focuses on finding technical solutions that can make life easier for different communities of people in a university environment. The research is based on three pillars. The first pillar is the server backend for data synchronization and data analysis. The second pillar is the sensory network. The sensor network is used to collect information, from a temperature to the number of people in a particular room. The third pillar is a mobile application My MENDELU that provides information to users. Our goal is to provide users with the right information at the right time and in the right place. Currently, we provide modules with schedule & tasks, canteen information (with filters based on alergens), indoor map with searching and FAQ module. We have over 2000 active users of our application My MENDELU. 

However, we are not focused solely on a mobile application. We are also developing solutions such as smart information panels that are able to change content with regard to the users in their vicinity, chatbot that is able to help the users with different study problems, indoor localization based on bluetooth beacons and other interesting solutions.

Moreover, we developed location-based mobile applications even for Brno-North city district or Envipartner company.
See our projects on Contracted R&D page.

Want to deploy Smart University? 
We will gladly share our infrastructure…

Chatbots for Enterprises: Outlook

Chatbots are going to be the main tool for automated conversations with customers. Still, there is no consistent methodology for choosing a suitable chatbot platform for a particular business. This paper proposes a new method for chatbot platform evaluation. To describe the current state of chatbot platforms, two high-level approaches to chatbot platform design are discussed and compared. WYSIWYG platforms aim to simplicity but may lack some advanced features. All-purpose chatbot platforms require extensive technical skills and are more expensive but give their users more freedom in chatbot design. We provide an evaluation of six major chatbot solutions. The proposed method for the chatbot selection is demonstrated on two sample businesses – a large bank and a small taxi service.

Kostelník, Pavel — Pisařovic, Ivo — Muroň, Mikuláš — Procházka, David — Dařena, František: Chatbots for Enterprises: Outlook. In Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis. 2019. 67(6):1541-1550. ISSN 1211-8516.

Smart displays: Personalisation of information panels

Information panels are a common part of university or administrative buildings. We can see large panels with news or social media feeds as well as small displays on conference rooms with information about their occupancy. All these panels usually present general information without any relation to a present audience. Presentation of personalised information for a particular user can be very helpful; however, for such personalisation we must take into account many aspects: identification of users in the display vicinity, sharing of the screen among multiple users etc. This paper is focused on the architecture of such system that allows presenting customised information on information panels for users within university buildings. Our solution allows detection of a user via Bluetooth beacons. The selected close display then presents information related to the user. In case there are multiple users in the display vicinity, the system evaluates their requirements and decides how to share the display. 

Pisařovic, Ivo — Koubek, Tomáš — Ondroušek, Vít — Procházka, David
Smart displays: Personalisation of information panels. Acta Universitatis agriculturae et silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis. 2018. v. 66, no. 5, p. 1307–1314. ISSN 1211-8516.

Providing Customised Information Panel Content Based on User Behavioral Patterns

Although mobile applications are commonly using user location and behavior to provide relevant content, public information panels usually lack the ability to adjust the content for a particular user or a group of users. Therefore, we focused on the development of information panels that are able, in combination with a mobile application, to collect anonymous location data about the users, identify key behavioral patterns and provide content that is relevant for the users in the panel vicinity. The key property of our solution is the anonymity of the collected information and privacy in general. The proposed algorithm consists of the data clustering and subsequent analysis. Described solution can be used in any public building or campus that the users visit regularly.

Pisařovic, Ivo — Procházka, David — Vybíral, Dan — Procházková, Jana
Providing customised information panel content based on user behavioral patterns.In Mendel. Brno: Brno University of Technology. 2018, p. 173–180. ISSN 1803-3814.

Spatial Data Driven Evaluation of City Locations

Moving to a new home or setting a new bureau in a new city is always difficult. One does not have knowledge about suitable locations; therefore, people are frequently unpleasantly surprised. High traffic noise, long distance to shops or high criminal activity are just few of many possible disturbing aspects. Certainly, there are many data sources that can help to see some particular aspect of the city life. Nonetheless, it is extremely complex and time‑consuming task to browse through large data sets and com‑pare provided information. Therefore, we developed a solution that comprises many different data sets that describe the city environment and created set of straightforward indices such as environment, safety, shopping etc. The users just provide the application his/her preferences and the application finds locations that are most suitable for particular cause. The application is presented on the example of the Brno city area.

Muroň, Mikuláš — Procházka, David Spatial data driven evaluation of city locations. Acta Universitatis agriculturae et silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis. 2018. v. 66, no. 5, p. 1301–1306. ISSN 1211-8516.

Migration, development and enviromental changes

One of the biggest challeng for “Western societies” in the last decade is the massive migration. This challenge has many dimensions.

Countries are making efforts to reduce or manage migration to their own countries, or to integrate immigrants into their civilization structures, cities and economies. We have been dealing with this problem for hundreds of years and the responses vary according to individual situations. On the other hand, some “solutions” such as “Fortress Europe concept” have been the subject of negotiations repeatedly for several decades. In order to make a meaningful attempt to give rules to immigration, the processes firstly must be understood. And to know the real causes of migration, which is not easy. In many cases, there are a number of interrelated factors dealing with development, remittances, and other economic and social factors. Therefore, research on this topic requires a multidisciplinary approach.
Our team has decided to focus on research into the causes of migration in the countries of origin and their analysis using a variety of tools that will allow us to better understand through visualization in the geographical spatial regime.

Quite special and relatively scarce factors are environmental changes. Although natural resources such as drinking water or soil may seem inexhaustible, in many cases the reality is quite the opposite. Long-term environmental changes or natural disasters can fundamentally affect the lives of the people in the area and thus take them natural resources, dwelling or subsistence away. Exhaustion of agricultural areas, floods, hurricanes and other natural or man-made changes along with economic causes lead people to migrate to cities. People in the affected areas are forced to leave their homes and seek livelihood elsewhere.


But is it always so? But why do people not move from areas often affected by floods, droughts, hurricanes or other impacts of environmental change, natural disasters or climatic extremes? Or why does only part of the affected population out-migrate while the others stay? Did the environmental factors affect the current population movement to Europe from Syria and other Middle Eastern and Sub-Saharan African countries since 2015?


And the dynamics of these processes, the behavior of the inhabitants of the affected areas, their perception of environmental changes, their degree of resilience, the decision to migrate or to stay belong to the main research topics of this research group.

Strengths and Challenges of Canadian Express Entry System: Experts’ Perceptions

This article offers an analysis of the first four years of functioning of Express Entry, a new on‐line application management system to select skilled entrants for Canada’s key economic immigration programs leading to permanent residence. Based on interviews with 20 experts on Canadian immigration policies, we identified a number of strengths and weaknesses of the Canadian Express Entry system related to four areas: immigration policy making, processing of applications, selection of immigrants, and retention of immigrants. Since these areas are integral parts of immigration policies in all countries and Canada is a long‐term leader in the design of points‐based systems for selection of skilled immigrants, we also specify several lessons from the Canadian experience with the Express Entry system for other countries seeking to attract skilled immigrants.

Bureš, O.; Klvanova, R.; Stojanov, R. (2020): Strengths and Challenges of Canadian Express Entry System: Experts’ PerceptionsPopulation and Development Review, DOI: 10.1111/padr.12354
(IF2019 = 2.909, Quartile 1)

Islander migrations and the oceans: From hopes to fears?

This paper explores islanders’ hopes and fears for migration and non-migration, highlighting the role of the ocean. Migration, non-migration, hope, and fear are human conditions. To examine these conditions for islanders and oceans, this paper uses a qualitative evidence synthesis for collating and interpreting themes on the topic. Some types of hopes and fears, and a few reasons why they might emerge, are covered for islanders and ocean- related migration. Then, different ocean representations which islander migration and non- migration produces and portrays are presented. The conclusions question dichotomies and norms in the context of islander fears and hopes, as well as threats and opportunities, regarding ocean migrations.

Kelman, I.; Stojanov, R. (2020): Islander migrations and the oceans: From hopes to fears? Island Studies Journal. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24043/isj.120
(IF2018 = 1.377, Quartile 2)

European policies and legislation targeting ocean acidification in european waters – Current state

The influence of climate change and perceptions of it on people’s migration decisions has received significant prominence, especially for people living on low-lying islands. To contribute to this literature, this paper uses Maldives as a case study for exploring the research question: How does climate change influence or not influence people’smigration decisions in Maldives? Previous work tends to start from a disciplinary climate change perspective, while this study combines migration, mobility, and island studies perspectives, within which climate change sits. As well, rather than focusing on the area around the capital, Malé, as with many previous studies, the 113 interviews here were conducted in eight islands across three atolls. The method was qualitative, semistructured, face-to-face interviews using purposive sampling of ordinary people. Contrary to a view of islanders preparing to flee their islands as “climate change refugees”, the interviewees provided nuanced and varied responses. They rarely identified the potential of future impacts due to climate change as influencing their migration-related decisions. When migration was considered, it was chiefly internal movement seeking a better standard of living via improved services, better living conditions, and more job opportunities. If migration related to potential climate change impacts might happen, then it was assumed to be in the future for decisions then. This lack of influence of climate change-related perceptions on Maldivians’ migration decisions fits well within island mobilities studies, from which climate change perspectives could adopt wider contexts.
Galdies, C.; Bellerby, R.; Canu, D.M.; Chen, W.; Luque, E.G.; Gasparovic, B.; Godrijan, J.; Lawlor, P.J.; Maes, F.; Malej, A.; Panagiotaras, D.; Martinez Rrombera, B.; Reymond, C.E.; Rochette, J.; Solidoro, C.; Stojanov, R.; Tiller, R.; De Noronha, I.T.; Uścinowicz, G.; Vaidianu N.; Walsh, C.; Guerra, R. (2020): European policies and legislation targeting ocean acidification in European Waters – current stateMarine Policy, 118, 103947, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.103947
(IF2019 = 3.228, Quartile 1).

Evaluation of the Long-Term Stability and Impact of Remittances and Development Aid on Sustainable Economic Growth in Developing Countries

In our paper, we analyse the long-term stability and impact of remittances and development aid on sustainable economic growth in developing countries. We use two data samples from countries that were recipients of both aid and remittances in the corresponding period. First, unbalanced data from the years 1970 to 2017; that is, how countries appear in the data. Second, balanced data, where we selected the largest possible set of countries for which data exists without gaps from the years 1970–2017. This dataset consists of 57 countries for the period from 1991 to 2017. Using linear regression models, we conclude that up until the end of the 1980s, the size of aid as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) was larger than the share of remittances. After that, the situation changed and the shares of both inflows were broadly similar. The inflow of remittances was more stable than the inflow of aid and development aid did not (on the contrary to remittances) contribute positively to sustainable economic growth if we consider the entire period between 1970 and 2017. Our results suggest that a statistically significant relationship between development aid and economic growth (per capita) may be observed only in the period from 1990 to 1999. Economic growth in developing countries is negatively influenced by the uncertainty related to the flows of official development assistance (ODA) and aid in all investigated decades. In the case of the remittance flows, the increased volatility tends to contribute negatively to sustainable economic growth only when the remittance flows represent a relatively higher share of GDP.

Stojanov, R.; Němec, D.; Žídek, L. (2019): Evaluation of the Long-Term Stability and Impact of Remittances and Development Aid on Sustainable Economic Growth in Developing Countries. Sustainability, 11(6), 1538.
(IF2018= 2.592, Quartile 2)

Who cares about ocean acidification in the Plasticene?

Plastics is all the rage, and mitigating marine litter is topping the agenda for nations pushing issues such as ocean acidification, or even climate change, away from the public consciousness. We are personally directly affected by plastics and charismatic megafauna is dying from it, and it is something that appears to be doable. So, who cares about the issue of ocean acidification anymore? We all should. The challenge is dual in the fact that is both invisible to the naked eye and therefore not felt like a pressing issue to the public, thereby not reaching the top of the agenda of policy makers; but also that it is framed in the climate change narrative of fear – whereby it instills in a fight-or-flight response in the public, resulting in their avoidance of the issue because they feel they are unable to take action that have results. In this article, we argue that the effective global environmental governance of ocean acidification, though critical to address, mitigate against and adapt to, is hindered by the both this lack of perception of urgency in the general public, fueled by a lack of media coverage, as well as a fight-or-flight response resulting from fear. We compare this to the more media friendly and plastics problem that is tangible and manageable. We report on a media plots of plastics and ocean acidification coverage over time and argue that the issue needs to be detangled from climate change and framed as its own issue to reach the agenda at a global level, making it manageable to assess and even care about for policy makers and the public alike?

Tiller, R.; Arenas, F.; Galdies, C.; Leitao, F.; Malej, A.; Martinez Romera, B.; Solidoro, C.; Stojanov, R.; Turk, V.; Guerra, R. (2019): Who cares about ocean acidification in the Plasticene? Ocean and Coastal Management, 174: 170-180.
(IF2018= 2.595, Quartile 2)

Does climate change influence people’s migration decisions in Maldives?

The influence of climate change and perceptions of it on people’s migration decisions has received significant prominence, especially for people living on low-lying islands. To contribute to this literature, this paper uses Maldives as a case study for exploring the research question: How does climate change influence or not influence people’smigration decisions in Maldives? Previous work tends to start from a disciplinary climate change perspective, while this study combines migration, mobility, and island studies perspectives, within which climate change sits. As well, rather than focusing on the area around the capital, Malé, as with many previous studies, the 113 interviews here were conducted in eight islands across three atolls. The method was qualitative, semistructured, face-to-face interviews using purposive sampling of ordinary people. Contrary to a view of islanders preparing to flee their islands as “climate change refugees”, the interviewees provided nuanced and varied responses. They rarely identified the potential of future impacts due to climate change as influencing their migration-related decisions. When migration was considered, it was chiefly internal movement seeking a better standard of living via improved services, better living conditions, and more job opportunities. If migration related to potential climate change impacts might happen, then it was assumed to be in the future for decisions then. This lack of influence of climate change-related perceptions on Maldivians’ migration decisions fits well within island mobilities studies, from which climate change perspectives could adopt wider contexts.
Kelman, Ilan — Orlowska, Justyna — Upadhyay, Himani — Stojanov, Robert — Webersik, Christian — Simonelli, Andrea C — Procházka, David — Němec, Daniel
Does climate change influence people’s migration decisions in Maldives?Climatic Change. 2019. v. 153, no. 1-2, p. 285–299. ISSN 0165-0009.

Local Perceptions of Climate Change Impacts in St. Kitts (Caribbean Sea) and Malé, Maldives (Indian Ocean)

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are now experiencing the local consequences of a changing climate, environment, and society. Nonetheless, climate change research frequently remains at regional or national levels. Without locally grounded data, islanders’ perceived impacts of the changes might not be considered, thereby causing difficulties when policy and practice responses are implemented without accounting for local understandings. To contribute to addressing this gap, this study examines perceptions of climate change and associated environmental and social changes in two SIDS case studies: St. Kitts in the Caribbean Sea and Malé Atoll, Maldives in the Indian Ocean. Through these two case studies, we assess perceptions of changing social and natural environments through a closed-question, face-to-face survey. Our results suggest that in both island case studies, communities perceive environmental changes to be happening that demand negotiation with the social changes of daily life. Results also suggest that perceived climate change impacts are only part of the equation, as social and economic impacts reveal two case studies of changing island societies. While the geographic context in each case study differs, this study reveals the perceived impacts of climate change and social changes at a local level, providing valuable insights and angles for formulating policies and actions to deal with the myriad of social and environmental changes affecting SIDS.

Stancioff, Charlotte Eloise — Stojanov, Robert — Kelman, Ilan — Němec, Daniel — Landa, Jaromír — Tichy , Radomir — Procházka, David — Brown, Graeme — Hofman, Corinne L 
Local Perceptions of Climate Change Impacts in St. Kitts (Caribbean Sea) and Malé, Maldives (Indian Ocean). Atmosphere. 2018. v. 9, no. 12, ISSN 2073-4433.

Local perceptions of climate change impacts and migration patterns in Malé, Maldives

For the last few decades, Maldives has been seen as being at the forefront of addressing climate change impacts. The low elevation of the islands makes them vulnerable to slow-onset hazards, such as coastal erosion, sea-level rise, salinity intrusion, and change in monsoon patterns and hence rainfall. Consequently, migration has long been discussed as an adaptation strategy for the population. This study covers outcomes from our field research conducted among islanders in Mal e, the capital of Maldives, in 2013. It contributes empirical evidence toward understanding complex relations among environmental challenges, climate change, and migration. We set up two main research questions. The first question explored islanders’ perceptions of impacts of climatic variability in recent years and possible impacts of future climate change. The second question probed whether out-migration from the islands might be considered to be an adaptation strategy and whether the islanders were willing to move outside Maldives due to projected climate change impacts. We conducted our field research in the capital Mal e and nearby residential islands, using quantitative questionnaires with local respondents (N=347). Our results suggest that, besides a set of actually experienced environmental and climate challenges, slow-onset climate change impacts such as sea-level rise are perceived as being one of the key factors affecting Maldivian society and livelihoods. More than 50% of respondents perceive future sea-level rise to be a serious challenge at the national level and they accept that migration from islands to other countries might be a potential option. Conversely, from the individual perspective, sea-level rise is not perceived by the local population as being one of their own important challenges. The reason is that many other factors – cultural, religious, economic and social – play an important role in decisionmaking about migrating or not.

Stojanov, Robert — Duží, Barbora — Kelman, Ilan — Němec, Daniel — Procházka, David
Local perceptions of climate change impacts and migration patterns in Malé, Maldives. Geographical Journal. 2017. v. 183, no. 4, p. 370–385. ISSN 0016-7398.

Climate Change and Migration in Maldives

The words climate change, migration, and islands evoke images of “climate change refugees” fleeing from paradise as the ocean mercilessly rises over pristine beaches. These representations rarely hold in reality. Phrases such as “climate refugees” and “climate migrants” are severely criticized in scientific literature, and many islanders object to the terms. Maldives is a perfect case to illustrate how islanders view links between climate change and migration. The country, an Indian Ocean archipelago with 1,190 islands grouped into 26 low-lying coral atolls, has its highest point just 2.4 meters above sea level. Unless policymakers understand the islanders’ thoughts on migration as a climate change adaptation option, efforts to implement climate change adaptation policies are destined to fail, hurting the people whom the policies were designed to help.

Stojanov, Robert — Kelman, Ilan — Procházka, David — Němec, Daniel — Duží, Barbora
Climate Change and Migration in Maldives. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs. 2017. ISSN 1526-0054.

Climate change, resilience and adaptation strategies

The impacts of climate change are here. How can we adapt?

The impacts of climate change, climatic extremes, and climate variability have become more and more known in the last decade. Increasing intensity and frequency of floods, droughts, extremely hot days in Europe or lack of precipitation, tropical storms and sea level rise in Asia, Africa and the Pacific and Indian Ocean is reflected in the growing number of media articles and reports.

We examine the perception, resilience and adaptation strategies of households (i) in rural areas and smaller municipalities in Central Europe that have been repeatedly affected by floods; (ii) between rural and coastal residents in South Asian countries, often affected by floods and hurricanes; (iii) inhabitants of small islands they are threaten by sea level rise.
To solve the above mentioned problems, their exact identification is necessary. Our research focuses primarily on identifying the impacts of climate change as people perceive these changes; as well as on interpretation of their resilience and adaptation strategies with the assistance of a variety of GIT tools and visualization in a geographic environment.

Research Projects

We participate in various research projects focused enviromental issues. Further R&D project are on Contracted R&D

COST Action CA19109: European network for Mediterranean cyclones in weather and climate (2020-2024)

Cyclones are the main weather modulators in the Mediterranean region and constitute a major environmental risk, often producing windstorms and heavy rainfall. Moreover, cyclones play a key role in the regional climate variability by controlling the oceanic circulation and regional water cycle, and by mobilizing and transporting large amounts of dust from North Africa.
Despite the recent achievements of the scientific community to provide deeper insight into the atmospheric processes and impacts associated with Mediterranean cyclones, there are still unaddressed scientific challenges that require a coordinated approach. In addition, the lack of direct interaction between academic researchers and weather/climate prediction scientists working in operational centres inhibits the efficient exploitation of fundamental research results to improve atmospheric models in a tangible way. Therefore, it is undeniable that there are potentially large societal benefits from improving cyclone predictions for weather and climate timescales.
Efficient networking between stakeholders, operational weather forecasters and researchers is timely and essential to address both challenges of research coordination and operational implementation of scientific results into weather and climate services. This Action will coordinate the activities of researchers in meteorology and climatology and scientists from weather/climate services with the main aims to provide a deeper understanding of Mediterranean cyclones and to improve significantly the European capacity to predict their environmental and climate impacts. In this context, the network will identify, and involve in the network, relevant stakeholders with different backgrounds (e.g. civil protection, re-insurance companies) and co-develop cyclone prediction products tailored to their needs.

COST Action CA16233: DRYLANDS FACING CHANGE: INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH ON CLIMATE CHANGE, FOOD INSECURITY, POLITICAL INSTABILITY (2017-2021)

The main goal of this network is to bring together researchers, policy makers, and survey data producers to join efforts to improve the access, usability, dissemination and standards of the multiple and scattered survey data that exist on the economic, social and political integration of ethnic and migrant minorities (EMMs). This Action is both relevant and timely, as it will provide the mechanisms that will enhance the research capacity in Europe in the field of EMMs’ economic, social and political integration, and will allow a solid and evidence based transfer of knowledge to policymakers and civil society organizations about the key consequences and social processes related to the integration of EMMs in European societies and elsewhere. The COST network will focus at once on multiplying research capacity and on transferring knowledge to a multiplicity of audiences and stakeholders.
The network will achieve these goals by compiling, documenting, archiving and pooling a large amount of data coming from various comparable studies conducted around Europe, thus providing the means to improve the empirical basis of high-quality research. Data will be made available on an web-based platform or Data Hub. The Action also includes a specific research training and educational component with the aim of guaranteeing that these coordinated efforts are carried over into the future through the next generations of researchers.
The Action is backed by 47 proposers undertaking research in 20 European countries and the US and its composition is balanced in terms of gender, geography, type of organization and career stage.

COST Action CA16114: Rethinking Sustainability Towards a Regenerative Economy (RESTORE) (2017-2021)

The RESTORE Action will affect a paradigm shift towards restorative sustainability for new and existing buildings, promoting forward thinking and multidisciplinary knowledge, leading to solutions that celebrate the richness of design creativity while enhancing users’ experience, health and wellbeing inside and outside buildings, in harmony with urban ecosystems, reconnecting users to nature.Sustainable buildings and facilities are critical to a future that is socially just, ecologically restorative, culturally rich and economically viable within the climate change context. Despite over a decade of strategies and programmes, progress on built environment sustainability fails to address these key issues. Consequently the built environment sector no longer has the luxury of being incrementally less bad, but, with urgency, needs to adopt net-positive, restorative sustainability thinking to incrementally do ‘more good’.Within the built environment sustainability agenda a shift is occurring, from a narrow focus on building energy performance, mitigation strategies, and minimisation of environmental impacts to a broader framework that enriches places, people, ecology, culture, and climate at the core of the design task, with particular emphasis on the benefits towards health.

COST Action CA16111: International Ethnic and Immigrant Minorities’ Survey Data Network (2017-2021)

The main goal of this network is to bring together researchers, policy makers, and survey data producers to join efforts to improve the access, usability, dissemination and standards of the multiple and scattered survey data that exist on the economic, social and political integration of ethnic and migrant minorities (EMMs). This Action is both relevant and timely, as it will provide the mechanisms that will enhance the research capacity in Europe in the field of EMMs’ economic, social and political integration, and will allow a solid and evidence based transfer of knowledge to policymakers and civil society organizations about the key consequences and social processes related to the integration of EMMs in European societies and elsewhere. The COST network will focus at once on multiplying research capacity and on transferring knowledge to a multiplicity of audiences and stakeholders.
The network will achieve these goals by compiling, documenting, archiving and pooling a large amount of data coming from various comparable studies conducted around Europe, thus providing the means to improve the empirical basis of high-quality research. Data will be made available on an web-based platform or Data Hub. The Action also includes a specific research training and educational component with the aim of guaranteeing that these coordinated efforts are carried over into the future through the next generations of researchers.
The Action is backed by 47 proposers undertaking research in 20 European countries and the US and its composition is balanced in terms of gender, geography, type of organization and career stage.

COST Action CA15217: Ocean Governance for Sustainability – challenges, options and the role of science (2016-2020)

The governance of oceanic systems and coastlines is moving into the center of European strategic and sustainability interests. The network aims to establish an integrative vision, and a series of approaches that informs research and future policy directions on crosscutting sustainability-driven issues related to the fragmented governance framework of oceans, seas and coastlines within regional waters, and the open ocean in areas beyond national jurisdiction.
The network differs from thematic predecessors in two distinct ways: While attending to the multiple flows and connectivities between varied marine systems together with land- and sea-based interfaces that are biologically, culturally, politically and socio-economically entwined, it first renders equal importance to strengthening regional and interdisciplinary dialogue, producing scientific output, crosscutting the natural and social sciences. Synergistic issue-driven working groups will be created at a time when Europe is considering its role in global ocean governance, and will continue to evolve well after the COST Action ends. Second, the network creates a distinct multi-scalar and cross-sectoral platform for institutional partners across academia, policymaking and civil society, presenting inclusive spaces for transdicsiplinary dialogue, capacity development and the advancement of practical toolkits that attend to science-policy gaps inherent within integrated ocean and coastal governance. – COST Web Pages 
– Policy Briefs